OAKLAND

Many of Pittsburgh’s neighborhoods were borne out of the manufacturing of “big steel,” but Oakland has always served as an incubator for big ideas and lofty ambitions. This is Pittsburgh’s educational and cultural hub, and it’s fueled by the youthful energy of the student population at the three universities located here. Although your own student days may be a distant memory, you can absorb the neighborhood’s academic culture in adventurous ethnic dining spots, cozy neighborhood watering holes, and top-notch independent booksellers.


It was here in Oakland that Dr. Jonas Salk developed the polio vaccine, Dr. Thomas Starzl performed the first liver transplant, and a man known as “Mr. Rogers” instilled lessons of self-confidence and compassion into generations of young television viewers. Here, you’ll find plenty of stimulation for your own intellectual pursuits at cultural institutions such as the Carnegie Museums of Art and Natural History or the collections of the Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh. Grab a book, journal, or sketchpad and take to the newly restored Schenley Plaza or the lawn of the Cathedral of Learning, and dream up some big ideas of your own.


History

Oakland is situated on a plateau east of Pittsburgh’s central business district. Like Bloomfield, Oakland was originally a farmland district when settlers arrived in the 1780s and 90s. Throughout the 1830s, the area became populated with some of Pittsburgh’s wealthiest families, who sought escape from disease and blight that were becoming common in the heart of city that we now know as “Downtown.”


The convergence of great wealth, a disappointment with urban quality of life, and new trends in city planning and architecture resulted in a grand vision for Oakland. The stage was set by the contributions of Mary Croghan Schenley. Although a scandalous elopement led her to live abroad for most of her life, this heiress donated 400 acres of her inherited land to the City of Pittsburgh for the creation of a park in 1889.


With his characteristic knack for recognizing opportunity, steel magnate Andrew Carnegie extracted 20 acres of the park’s lower end in 1890 for the development of his namesake cultural institutions, including a public library, museum, and music hall. Further fueled with inspiration from the 1893 World’s Fair in Chicago, Carnegie called upon other industry leaders to contribute to the development of a new city driven by thoughtful planning, grand-scale architecture, and a dedication to culture and beauty. Pittsburgh’s wealth rose to the challenge and through the 1920s, Oakland became a living laboratory of an urban design trend called the “City Beautiful” movement. The classically designed plazas, hotels, university buildings, houses of worship, social halls, and cultural institutions built during this period strove to create Pittsburgh’s Acropolis, and the careful preservation of these buildings continues to give Oakland an atmosphere of grandeur today.


Outside of the cultural hub, Oakland’s residential districts grew with minimal planning, and the hills, bluffs, and valleys became home to middle- and working-class residents, including immigrants from Greece, Italy, and most Eastern European countries.


Around the World in a Neighborhood

Today, the major universities and medical institutions (or “eds and meds”) located here draw a global population to the Oakland neighborhood, and even a brief visit gives you the opportunity for multicultural exploration. For an immersion course in world culture, visit the University of Pittsburgh’s Nationality Rooms, where classrooms in the Cathedral of Learning are designed to celebrate the cultural contributions of Americans’ native countries. Off campus, you can taste your way through the global table at nearly 100 restaurants featuring authentic and inexpensive cuisine from around the world.


Travel Tips

- Less than 4 miles from Downtown Pittsburgh central business district

- Get there by car or bus.

- Mapping? Oakland’s major business corridors are Forbes Avenue and Fifth Avenue, which are one-way. Connecting streets include Craig Street, Bigelow Boulevard, and The Boulevard of the Allies. Also accessible via the Birmingham Bridge from Fifth Avenue (from the South Side)

- Geocaching? Find Oakland caches on ZIP Code 15213.

- Metered on-street parking, parking garages and parking lots are available throughout the neighborhood. Additional details on parking, ATMs, and more are included in the itinerary. Visit the Only in Oakland website for the best tips on parking near cultural institutions, universities, or the business districts.